76.75% AB 109 23.25% Adult Formal Probation Population on GPS Program 2018 Services for Parolees from State Corrections Facilities Since 2011, Los Angeles County has supervised specific inmates (non-serious, non-violent, and non-high risk sex offenders) from County Jail and individuals from the California Department of Corrections and Rehabilitation (CDCR) under the Public Safety Realignment Act. The Post- Release Services Bureau (AB 109) develops and provides innovative probation practices to assist supervised persons in providing a successful transition from custody to the community. As of November 30, 2018, the AB 109 program had 9,906 active cases. This year the Department began implementing system enhancements known to reduce recidivism that include: Cognitive Behavioral Intervention (CBI) – Experts understand that certain criminogenic factors contribute to criminal offenses. For example, an individual could have issues with honesty, integrity, or simply how to say “no.” In an effort to truly impact a client’s success, the Department has implemented individualized interventions specific to each criminogenic need on a case-by-case basis. Staff engage cooperatively with clients in teaching and practicing skills to disrupt problematic thinking patterns that can contribute to criminal behaviors. AB 109 Incentive Program – Research shows that people respond better and maintain learned behaviors longer when approached with incentives rather than sanctions. In February 2018, the Department implemented low-level incentives such as complimenting clients for being on time for appointments and certificates for specific achievements. High-level incentives include small gift cards for completion of treatment programs and the reduction of reporting requirements. Public Safety Realignment (AB 109) AB 109 Auxiliary Fund Program – Too often, the essential details of life outside of prison hinder a probationer’s successful reentry by distracting them from focusing on behavioral change. In February 2018, this pilot program made it possible for supervised AB 109 clients to get financial assistance with needs like security deposits and medical co-payments, or personal care items such as undergarments and hygiene products. Gender-Specific Programming – Women reentering the community from state prison or county jail have likely faced the trauma of criminal acts, prison violence, and family separation. Gender-specific approaches are based on the theory that recognizes the unique pathways that women take leading them into the criminal justice system. These approaches address social (e.g., poverty, race, class, and gender inequality) and cultural issues. Interventions are strength-based and address issues related to the interaction of abuse, violence, relationships, ethnicity, and culture to understand and treat substance abuse and co-occurring disorders. Probation staff facilitates group sessions using an evidence- based trauma-informed curriculum to aid in their transition back to the community. In 2019, a similar program for men who have experienced trauma will be explored. Mobile Resource Center (MRC) – 2018 marked the continued growth and success of Probation’s Mobile Resource Center, a decommissioned transit vehicle that brings a myriad of services to homeless clients. Parked next to LAPD Central Station on Skid Row, the MRC provides access to medical, mental health, veterans, and system navigation services as well as distributing personal necessities and hospitality. The MRC makes it easier for these clients to comply with their conditions of probation, reducing the number of warrants and providing homeless clients access to community resources to improve their lives. Global Positioning System (GPS) Program – Well beyond the traditional ankle bracelet, GPS technology serves as a tool to aid probationers in modifying their behavior in real time to achieve success. Officers can use GPS to monitor a client’s activities and behavior, making timely interventions when they see a behavior pattern that could lead to a violation. In 2019, the Department will increase GPS use for special circumstances such as those clients under investigation, high-risk clients with specific conditions, and potentially as a sanction for probation violations. 9,974 clients received housing, transportation, job skills training and employment in 2018 at a cost of $9.7 million from HR 360, a community-based organization awarded a $12 million contract to help AB 109 clients transition successfully back into the community. 2018 Total Population on GPS Program: 2,616 Probation uses GPS to monitor high risk clients’ activities and behavior to ensure standards of parole are met and to prevent behavior that could lead to a violation. In 2018, over 76 percent of clients on GPS monitoring were AB 109 clients. L.A. County Probation Department | 2018 Annual Report 53 52 L.A. County Probation Department | 2018 Annual Report