1703 Number of Youth Calendar Year *2018 data is based on year end headcount on December 31, 2018 Los Angeles County Probation Juvenile Services Institutional Population, 2006 - 2018 1599 514 261 1800 1600 1400 1200 1000 800 600 400 200 0 2 0 0 6 2 0 0 7 2 0 0 8 2 0 0 9 2 0 1 0 2 0 1 1 2 0 1 2 2 0 1 3 2 0 1 4 2 0 1 5 2 0 1 6 2 0 1 7 2 0 1 8 * Juvenile Halls Juvenile Camps 69% decrease halls 83% decrease camps •  Since 2006, the institutional population has declined by 69.8%in the halls and 83.7%in the camps. •  After reaching a plateau between 2015-2017 in the halls, the population has decreased an additional 25%between 2017 and year-end 2018. Overview of Juvenile Institutional Population A Changing Population The sheer number of youth who reach Probation’s detention programs has decreased astronomically. However, the youth who require detention have higher needs, more trauma, and face a greater complexity of challenges. Legislative changes, judicial decisions, and more stringent screening all help to explain the decrease of youth in detention. Many felonies have been reclassified as misdemeanors. New laws decriminalize youth arrested for prostitution, viewing them as victims rather than delinquents. Stricter criteria for detention, combined with a new focus in the juvenile courts on the value and success of community-based programs and services, also limit the number of youth who require detention. This reduction in the youth population in juvenile institutions has allowed Probation to close several juvenile camps in the last few years and three camps, Gonzales, Jarvis, and Scobee, in 2018. However, for those youth who do require detention services, their level of need has risen significantly. Addressing their challenges has led to several current Probation initiatives and future projects. The Department has enhanced staff practices to include required training classes such as Trauma Informed Care and Non-Violent Crisis Intervention. Trauma Informed Care provides tools that help staff understand how trauma directly impacts our youth. Non-Violent Crisis Intervention addresses the need for training safe, respectful, non-invasive methods for managing challenging behavior. Training related to gaining voluntary compliance in addition to active listening and non- verbal communication are also required. These trainings are intended to complement the plan to enhance mental health services in the halls by increasing the number of mental health clinicians. In addition, there is a plan to increase programs and activities. These initiatives are intended to help ensure a healthier and safer living environment for the youth and a healthier and safer working environment for staff. Today, Probation’s staff-to-youth ratio is lower, and the Department intends to lower the ratio even further as it addresses the increasingly complex issues of the youth and moves to implement the L.A. Model in all facilities. As the population of Probation’s detention facilities decreases, the needs of the remaining youth are higher than ever before. Institutional Services L.A. County Probation Department | 2018 Annual Report 21 20 L.A. County Probation Department | 2018 Annual Report