The Probation Department is implementing a standardized evidence-based supervision model titled, Coordinated Optimal Rehabilitative Efforts (CORE). CORE was developed utilizing the Eight Evidence-Based Principles for Effective Interventions, as well as other key evidence-based outcomes as the foundational structure for this supervision model. The CORE model builds upon the model of the Alternative Treatment Caseload (ATC) Specialized Program, but will be restructured concurrent with implementation of CORE.
There will be four (4) CORE Supervision models, which all have been developed in alignment with the Principles of Effective Interventions, and in accordance with supervision best practices:
CORE Intensive Supervision Caseloads provide intensive and targeted supervision approaches to very high-risk adult clients. Clients supervised under this model potentially pose the highest risk to recidivate, require extensive support and intervention to be amenable to treatment, services or rehabilitative efforts, and are often repeat offenders. Individuals within this population are generally prone to future criminality and thus intensive supervision strategies must be employed. These efforts include but are not limited to: Increased reporting requirements, frequent home visits, electronic monitoring, Global Position Satellite (GPS) monitoring, and other suppression strategies in partnership with intensive programming based on individualized needs. Probation Officers assigned to these caseloads will collaborate with local law enforcement agencies and the Probation Department’s Special Enforcement Operations (SEO) to assist in needed suppression and enforcement efforts. Through partnerships, we will share intelligence and critical case related information where applicable in the interest of providing a collaborative community-driven approach to supervision and monitoring. When applicable, the individuals will be referred to treatment, programs and services under the provisions of this plan. These probationers will be supervised on an average caseload of 20:1; and will require an intensive relationship between the client, probation officer and program provider(s).
The 18-25 year-old offender population are legally adults; however, their characteristics are more similar to the adolescent offender population. Research has demonstrated that the 18-25 year-olds are still experiencing major changes in the brain that result in heightened impulsive behavior, risk taking, and poor decision- making. This age group is typically less successful in complying with the orders of the court compared to older adult offender populations. Treatment and supervision practices need to be adjusted to better adapt to this age group’s unique needs. Case management techniques and treatment services need to employ a sequential direction, addressing one issue and/or task at a time rather than multiple tasks, which is a far more effective approach.
The increasing number of females involved in the criminal justice system, and the scarcity of programs and services that are geared toward their specialized needs, has prompted criminal justice professionals to examine their sanctioning and supervision processes in terms of gender. Although there is more extensive data regarding the characteristics of women in prisons and jails, there is far less information on female offenders in community correctional settings. The neglect of women in criminal justice research has previously been justified on the grounds that they account for only a small fraction of arrests and commit fewer crimes than males. This justification ignores the fact that women who do enter the justice system, while fewer in number and less violent than their male counterparts, often become extensive users of the system and have extensive and complex needs. In focusing on the overwhelming number of males in the criminal and juvenile justice systems, programs, policies and services often fail to develop a diversity of options for dealing with the gender and culturally-specific problems of female offenders enmeshed in the system. Additionally, while research indicates that community-based programs may be successful in dealing with the problems of females who are criminal-justice-involved, few programs target the specific needs of girls and young women.
Minimal Intervention Caseloads will be comprised of clients that have been assessed as low-risk to recidivate and are void of factors requiring an “override,” such as a sex offense or offenses involving violence. These clients will receive supportive services and referrals for stabilization as appropriate, and will be placed on “banked caseloads,” which will require the client to comply with automated check-in requirements monthly by KIOSK which are located in most area offices. The average banked caseload will consist of one Probation Officer and non-sworn support staff managing 1,000 very-low-risk clients.